Multi-Tiered System of Support
What is Multi-tiered System of Support (MTSS)?
At Sunnybrae, we are committed to helping all students succeed and that is why we use a Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) to support all students. MTSS is a data-driven, multi-tiered approach to providing support to all students in academics, social/emotional and behavioral areas. This is a school-wide process to ensure that all students learn and make progress. It involves quality instruction and interventions that are matched to students’ needs. This framework begins with high-quality, culturally responsive differentiated instruction, positive behavior systems, universal screening and data analysis of all children’s learning in the classroom. It is a proactive approach instead of reactive.
MTSS follows four essential components:
(1) a school-wide, multi-level instructional and behavioral system for preventing school failure and for differentiating instruction for students who have already mastered the curriculum
(2) screening: identifying students who need extra support or need extra enrichment
(3) progress monitoring: continuous assessment
(4) data-based decision making for instruction: using various data-points to make decisions
Students are expected to move within the multi-level system, and disability identification is done in accordance with state law. Each component is essential in making the framework work properly.
All Students: Tier 1
Tier I: Supports given to ALL students in the classroom.
Best teaching practices and responsive behavior management in the classroom
Core instruction in the general education classroom
Preventative, proactive strategies and monitoring of progress in the classroom
Classroom-centered support strategies
Collaborative process between teacher and school staff
Some Students: Tier 2
Tier II: Supports given to some students (approximately 8-15%)
· Tier 1 PLUS strategic interventions/supports beyond the classroom teacher
· Targeted instruction provided by the teacher or a specialist
· Takes may place inside or outside the classroom
Few Students: Tier 3
Tier III: Supports given to even fewer students (approximately 5-8%)
· Intensive intervention outside the general education classroom
· Preliminary consideration of Special Education
· Referral to the Student Support Team (SST) process to discuss the student concerns and generate a plan to support the child